WWI - Battle of Hamel
The battle was an ‘All Arms’ battle where all the military resources available – infantry, artillery, tanks and aircraft – were utilised in a co-ordinated attack.
It was a small scale, brilliantly successful advance made by the Australian Corps under the command of Lt-Gen John Monash.
The purpose of the attack was to take the high ground east of the village of Hamel, an important ridge to the Germans if they intended an attempt to capture Amiens.
To give the newly-arrived American Expeditionary Force (AEF) combat experience, the five Australian infantry brigades involved were augmented by companies from US Army battalions.
Hamel was the first time during World War I that elements of the AEF were commanded operationally by non-American officers.
This was despite the US Congress directive that the AEF, under Gen Pershing, was to fight under US command.
This is why Monash set the date of the battle – 4th July.